Read the following passage and answer the question that follows. Tom Stoppard’s play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, draws on two previous theatrical works: Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead follows the “off-stage” exploits of two minor characters from Hamlet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. While the two main characters in Stoppard’s play occasionally make brief appearances in “Hamlet,” as scripted in Shakespeare’s original tragedy, the majority of the play takes place in other parts of the castle where Hamlet is set. While “off stage” in this way, the characters resemble the main characters in the absurdist Waiting for Godot. As in Beckett’s play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern pass the time by impersonating other characters, engaging in word play, and remaining silent for long periods of time. These same two characters were also featured in a parody of Hamlet, the short comic play by W. S. Gilbert entitled Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Gilbert’s play makes Rosencrantz and Guildenstern into central characters and alters the storyline of Hamlet. Which sentence from this passage explains what the main characters do in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead? “Tom Stoppard’s play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, draws on two previous theatrical works: Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot.” “As in Beckett’s play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern pass the time by impersonating other characters, engaging in word play, and remaining silent for long periods of time.” “These same two characters were also featured in a parody of Hamlet, the short comic play by W. S. Gilbert entitled Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.” “Gilbert’s play makes Rosencrantz and Guildenstern into central characters and alters the storyline of Hamlet.”
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Read the following short story, and then answer the questions that follow. Lifeguard Rules! 1 Ira was sitting in the shade because it was over ninety degrees in the sun, which beat down with a fierce vengeance. He wished he was still playing around in the cool, blue water of the pool. He had been splashing in the shallow end until the shrill sound of the lifeguard’s whistle cut through the air like a siren. 2 “That’s it, Ira and Michael,” Francesca had said. “You guys don’t get a third warning. Go spend fifteen minutes out of the water. I’ll inform you when I’m ready to see you in the pool again.” 3 “Wow, your sister thinks she’s a prison guard instead of a lifeguard,” Michael said. “You’d think she’d go easy on her own brother and his best friend,” he added. 4 Ira was feeling conflicted. On the one hand, he felt like he should stick up for his sister. After all, Francesca had given him and Michael two warnings. The first time she had been friendly and brief. The second time she had called them over to the side of the pool and lectured them for a full minute. It was only when they resumed their splashing war and accidentally soaked Mr. Murphy, who was reading his newspaper in a beach chair, that Francesca had whistled them out of the pool. 5 Ira was thinking about what to say. He didn’t want to offend Michael, who was his best friend, and he himself argued with Francesca all the time, but in his heart he knew that she was doing her job and she had been correct to discipline Michael and him, especially after two warnings. 6 Before Ira spoke up, everyone’s attention shifted back to the swimming pool. Kendra, a girl in Ira’s class, and her little brother were laughing and shouting. They were having a splashing war much like the one that had gotten Ira and Michael ejected. 7 “Look,” Michael was quick to observe, “everyone is splashing each other, so why did Francesca have to pick on you?” 8 Before Michael finished the last syllable of his question, three—make that four—things happened at almost exactly the same time. First, Kendra sent a big spray of water at her brother. Second, as the water splashed over the pool deck, a young toddler who wasn’t paying attention stepped into the puddle, and her feet slipped out from under her. 9 Third and fourth, Francesca’s arm shot out like a lasso, encircling the young girl to keep her from falling. Then, with her other hand, Francesca lifted her whistle to her lips to signal Kendra, who was in for a stern lecture. 10 Ira no longer felt the need to say anything in Francesca’s defense. Michael suddenly got too interested in tying knots in the drawstring of his swimsuit to bother criticizing Francesca. The little girl’s mother came over to thank the lifeguard who never took her eyes off of the swimmers in the water. 1. Read the following sentences from “Lifeguard Rules!” “Wow, your sister thinks she’s a prison guard instead of a lifeguard,” Michael said. “You’d think she’d go easy on her own brother and his best friend,” he added. Which of the following words best describes Michael’s tone? (1 point) annoyed dejected furious surprised 2. How does the author mostly reveal the character of Ira? (1 point) through his words through his actions through his thoughts through other peoples’ views of him 3. Which of the following statements best identifies a lesson the reader can learn after reading “Lifeguard Rules?” (1 point) Good friends are always there to show support for each other. Although pools are fun, reckless behavior can be dangerous. It is important to think about what you say before you say it. Even though siblings may argue, they are always there to defend one another. 4. Read the following sentence from “Lifeguard Rules!” “He had been splashing in the shallow end until the shrill sound of the lifeguard’s whistle cut through the air like a siren.” In this sentence, the whistle most likely symbolizes (1 point) danger. embarrassment. power. temptation. 5. Read the following lines from the poem “Love After Love.” Give wine. Give bread. Give back your heart to itself, to the stranger who has loved you Which of the following words best describes the speaker’s tone? (1 point) authoritative calming encouraging pleading 6. Read the following sentences from “The Third Bank of the River.” “Father, you have been out there long enough. You are old . . . Come back, you don’t have to do it anymore . . . Come back and I’ll go instead. Right now, if you want. Any time. I’ll get into the boat. I’ll take your place.” Which of the following words best describes the speaker’s tone? (1 point) annoyed desperate determined pleading
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Helen Grey By Christina Georgina Rossetti Because one loves you, Helen Grey, Is that a reason you should pout, And like a March wind veer about, And frown, and say your shrewish say? Don’t strain the cord until it snaps, Don’t split the sound heart with your wedge, Don’t cut your fingers with the edge Of your keen wit; you may, perhaps. Because you’re handsome, Helen Grey, Is that a reason to be proud? Your eyes are bold, your laugh is loud, Your steps go mincing on their way; But so you miss that modest charm Which is the surest charm of all: Take heed, you yet may trip and fall, And no man care to stretch his arm. Stoop from your cold height, Helen Grey, Come down, and take a lowlier place; Come down, to fill it now with grace; Come down you must perforce some day: For years cannot be kept at bay, And fading years will make you old; Then in their turn will men seem cold, When you yourself are nipped and grey. In “Helen Grey,” what does the narrator suggest will be the outcome if Helen Grey does not change her ways? Use evidence from the poem to support your answer.
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Read the excerpt below from the poem “Ulysses” by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, and answer the question that follows. Old age hath yet his honour and his toil; Death closes all; but something ere the end, Some work of noble note, may yet be done, Not unbecoming men that strove with Gods. The lights begin to twinkle from the rocks: The long day wanes: the slow moon climbs: the deep Moans round with many voices. Come, my friends, ‘Tis not too late to seek a newer world. Push off, and sitting well in order smite The sounding furrows; for my purpose holds To sail beyond the sunset, and the baths Of all the western stars, until I die. It may be that the gulfs will wash us down: It may be we shall touch the Happy Isles, And see the great Achilles, whom we knew. Tho’ much is taken, much abides; and tho’ We are not now that strength which in old days Moved earth and heaven; that which we are, we are; One equal temper of heroic hearts, Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield. Which of the following describes the structure of this excerpt best? From the poem “Ulysses” The Early Poems of Alfred . Free Verse Sonnet Ballad Blank verse
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Which excerpt from John Muir’s “Save the Redwoods” best appeals to readers’ logic? a. Could one of these Sequoia Kings come to town in all its godlike majesty so as to be strikingly seen and allowed to plead its own cause, there would never again be any lack of defenders. b. Forty-seven years ago one of these Calaveras King Sequoias was laboriously cut down, that the stump might be had for a dancing-floor. Another, one of the finest in the grove, more than three hundred feet high, was skinned alive to a height of one hundred and sixteen feet from the ground and the bark sent to London to show how fine and big that Calaveras tree was—as sensible a scheme as skinning our great men would be to prove their greatness. c. These kings of the forest, the noblest of a noble race, rightly belong to the world, but as they are in California we cannot escape responsibility as their guardians. Fortunately the American people are equal to this trust . . . as soon as they see it and understand it. d. The Tuolumne and Merced groves near Yosemite, the Dinky Creek grove, those of the General Grant National Park and the Sequoia National Park, with several outstanding groves that are nameless on the Kings, Kaweah, and Tule river basins, and included in the Sierra forest reservation, have of late years been partially protected by the Federal Government; while the well-known Mariposa Grove has long been guarded by the State.