Answer:

1. Abstract noun – can be neither seen nor touched. (happiness; liberty etc)

2. Transitive verb – has a receiver named. (He bought a new car )

3. Intransitive verb – has no receiver named. (They are growing )

4. Superlative degree – expresses highest or lowest degree of comparison (the greatest ; the most important etc)

5. Joint ownership – add sign of possession to last name (John and Sara‘s house)

6. Verb tense – indicates time (Present: I sing. – – Future: I will sing.)

7. Adverb suffix – ly (carefully ; quickly  etc)

8. Modifies a noun – adjective (A beautiful house.)