1. Take your straightedge (like a ruler or the side of a folder or notebook) and draw five lines on a piece of paper, just make sure none of them aren’t the exact same size (not too hard.)
2. Now you want to make segments the same length as your original lines. This is great, because you have a compass, and compasses are great at keeping the length of things! Open your compass and put the pointy end at one side of your first segment. Now open it until the pencil end is at the other end–you now have the length of your first segment (lock your compass, or be really careful with it to make sure it doesn’t change how far open it is.) Next, on your new paper, where you’re putting the congruent segments, draw a point. Put the pointy end of your compass on the point, then make a small, curved mark with the pencil side. Take your straight edge, and connect your point to any point on that small, curved line. Do this for all 5 of your lines.
3. Remember that your compass keeps track of how long something is, so in order to figure out which ones are least (shortest) to greatest (longest) just look at how far you had to open your compass. The one where you had to open it very little is your least, and the one where you opened it very widely is your greatest, the others fall in between.
4. Okay, this part sounds tricky but really is not. Choose what segment you want to double. Once more, put the pointy end at one point on the compass and open it so that the pencil part goes to the other end, lock your compass. Just like you did before, draw a point, put your pointy end of the compass on that point, now instead of making a small mark like you did before, swing your pencil all the way around your point, you will have created a circle with a radius of your original line. Now, take your straightedge and draw a line connecting one side of the circle to the other side, going through your original point–congratulations! You’ve just doubled your line segment.
5. Again, this one sounds harder than it is, and there’s probably a lot of ways to do it. Here’s how I suggest–First, make a copy of your longest segment in the way described in #3, but draw your line lightly. Second, open your compass to the length of your smallest segment. Now instead of drawing a new line, put the pointy end on ONE point of your COPY of your longest segment, and swing to make a mark on the line you just created. Now, connect your mark from your short segment, to the other end of your longest segment, and voila! You’ve now created a segment equal to the difference between the two. Hope this helped!