The right matches are:
1.Hydrologic is matched with D. it’s all about water
Hydrology is the science of the earth which is interested in the terrestrial branch of the water cycle, that is to say in the exchanges between the atmosphere, the terrestrial surface and its subsoil. We speak of hydrosphere to designate the part of the planet in which water is located.
2.Rock is matched with B. erosion, deposition, metamorphism
Rocks are natural materials generally solid and formed, essentially or entirely, by an assemblage of minerals, sometimes including fossils (especially in sedimentary rocks), glass resulting from the rapid cooling of a liquid (volcanism, friction .. .) or aggregates of other rocks. The rocks can be formed of a single mineral species (monomeral rocks) or of several (polymineral rocks):
3.Tectonic is matched with E. subduction, uplift, and mantle convection
Tectonics is the study of geological structures of kilometric scale and more, such as mountain ranges or sedimentary basins, and mechanisms that are responsible. This discipline is directly related to plate tectonics.
The lithosphere, the rigid outer shell of the Earth consisting of the crust and part of the upper mantle, is subdivided into plates, called tectonic or lithospheric plates.
4.Carbon is matched with A. photosynthesis and respiration
The 2 main carbon “reservoirs” most directly involved in this cycle are the atmospheric CO2 and the carbon constitutfs of living beings. During photosynthesis, CO2 and water combine (reduction reaction) under the effect of light energy (sun) to form carbohydrates.
Then, in all organisms, these carbohydrates are oxidized to reform water and CO2 during breathing. Part of the energy contained in carbohydrates is converted into ATP. Up to 35% of the CO2 fixed during photosynthesis is released during leaf respiration.
5.Nitrogen is matched with F. it’s all about special bacteria
Special bacteria pick up nitrogen and release it in a form that can be assimilated by the plant
To be absorbed by the plant, the nitrogen present in the atmosphere in N2 form must undergo biological transformation processes carried out by microorganisms called nitrogen-fixing bacteria. These nitrogen-fixing bacteria have the main function of capturing the nitrogen present in the air, but also in the soil (thus limiting the losses in the aquifers), and to return it to the plant in an available and assimilable form. Nitrogen in soil is in NO3- form (soil nitrate) and nitrogen in air is in N2 form (atmospheric nitrogen).
6.Phosphorus is matched with C. housed mostly in rock material
Global phosphate mineral resources are estimated at more than 300 billion tonnes in 2014 (US Geological Survey). The largest sedimentary deposits are found in North Africa (Morocco), China, the Middle East and the United States. The exploited phosphorus deposits come mainly from sedimentary or marine deposits, but also magmatic deposits or guano from exotic marine birds.