1. Which of the following was not an effect of proxy wars? an arms race between the U.S. and the Soviet Union the rise of democracies in most of Latin America a politically united Vietnam a politically divided Korean peninsula 2. This is a line graph showing the cost of wars in the 20th century. It shows WWI cost 20 billion dollars, WWII cost 296 billion dollars, Korea cost 30 billion dollars, Vietnam cost 111 dollars, and the Persian Gulf War cost 61 billion dollars. Which is the best explanation for why the Cold War is not included in this chart? Since the Cold War didn’t involve fighting, there was no money budgeted or lost in fighting the Cold War. Because the Cold War is just another name for the Vietnam War, that cost is included in the graph. The Cold War was not a conventional war, and its costs are measured by the individual proxy wars. It is included in the costs of World War II as part of the global post-war recovery. 3. Summarize the causes and effects of the arms race and proxy wars in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. Use the table below to answer the following question. United States Military Deaths by Country of Casualty Country of Casualty Number of Records Cambodia 520 Laos 733 North Vietnam 1,124 Communist China 10 Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) 55,629 Thailand 177 Total 58,193 What can be inferred from this chart? Most of the fighting in the Vietnam War took place in South Vietnam. The Vietnam War resulted in large numbers of civilian casualties. The majority of the casualties in North Vietnam were not American soldiers. Military deaths in Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand were under-reported. 4. Why was the Bay of Pigs an embarrassment for the United States? It showed that Havana had surveillance in Washington. The American invasion plot was a total failure. Kennedy did not understand cultural differences in Cuba. Florida could not stop the arrival of thousands of Cubans. 5. Which cause and effect relationship is correctly matched? Communists rule North Korean—China and the Soviet Union back North Korea Fidel Castro assumes power in Cuba—the U.S. backs the Castro regime The mujahedeen rise in Afghanistan—the Soviets back the mujahedeen The Sandinistas take power in Nicaragua—the U.S. backs the Sandinistas Points earned on this question: 5 6. Use the following graph and what you know about American military involvement to answer the question below. This is a line graph titled United States Defense Budget. The y axis shows Billions of Dollars from 0 to 800 in 100 dollar increments. The x axis shows years and ranges from 1948 to 2008. The line peaks at 1954, 1969, 1987, and 2008. It dips most heavily at 1949, 1957, 1975, and 1999. What accounts for the spikes in American defense spending in the 1950s? the entry of the U.S. into the UN the Afghan War the Vietnam War the Korean War 7. Why did the United States eventually stop supporting South Africa? The government began enacting socialist land reforms. Popular opinion turned against South African apartheid. South Africa began taking arms and funds from the Soviets. The American public stopped supporting African intervention. 8. Use the graph below showing the number of wounded killed and missing for the nations involved in the Korean War to answer the following question. This is a bar graph showing Military Wounded, Military Killed and missing, and Civilian dead and missing for each of the belligerents of the Korean War. The graph shows 103,284 wounded and 36,568 killed and missing from the U.S. China had 716,000 wounded and 600,000 killed and missing. South Korea had 429,000 wounded, 217,000 killed and missing, and one million civilians dead and missing. North Korea had one and a half million wounded, 406,000 killed and missing, and 600,000 civilian dead and missing. Which of the following is a reasonable interpretation of this information? Chinese casualties were high because most of the fighting took place on the North Korean/Chinese border. United States casualties were very low because American units did not actively participate in the fighting. Korean civilian deaths were very high because the fighting took place on Korea’s soil. North Korea had the smallest number of deaths due to the high quality of their medical care.