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Homo sapiens (human)| size 2,900 million bases| gene # -30,000| gene density 1 gene per 100,000 bases| chromosome #46 Rattus novegicus (rat)| size 2,750 million bases| gene # -30,000| gene density 1 gene per 100,000 bases| chromosome #42 Mus musculus (mouse)| size 2,500 million bases| gene # -30,000| gene density 1 gene per 100,000 bases| chromosome #40 Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly)| size 180 million bases| gene # 13,600| gene density 1 gene per 9,000 bases| chromosome #8 Arabidopsis thaliana (plant)| size 125 million bases| gene #25,500| gene density 1 gene per 4,000 bases| chromosome #10 Caenorhabditis elegans (roundworm)| size 97 million bases| gene #19,100| gene density 1 gene per 5,000 bases| chromosome #12 Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast)| size 12 million bases| gene #6,300| gene density 1 gene per 2,000 bases| chromsome #32 Escherichia coli (bacteria)| size 4.7 million bases| gene #3,200| gene density 1 gene per 1,400 bases| chromosome #1 H. influenzae (bacteria)| size 1.8 million bases| gene #1,700| gene density 1 gene per 1,000 bases| chromsome #1 The table shows the relative size of the genomes, number of genes, and number of chromosomes for a variety of different organisms. Based on what we know regarding the genetic code of all living things, how does the genetic code of a eukaryote organism compare to that of a prokaryote organism? A) Prokaryote organisms have much simpler DNA, containing fewer than four nitrogen bases. B) Eukaryote organisms have a larger genome containing a more complex set of nitrogen bases. C) Both types of organisms contain exactly the same four nitrogen bases, but in different sequences and numbers. D) Both types of organisms contain exactly the same four nitrogen bases, in the exact sequences, but in varying numbers.

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