A. The development of the scientific method
Although different historical moments, both the industrial revolution and the scientific revolution were influential in the development of the scientific method
The scientific method refers to a cluster of basic rules of procedures that produce scientific knowledge, either a new knowledge, a correction (evolution) or an increase in the area of incidence of previously existing knowledge. In the industrial revolution and the scientific revolution, this method consisted in bringing together verifiable empirical evidence – based on systematic and controlled observation, usually resulting from experiments or field research – and analyzing them with the use of logic. For many authors, the scientific method is nothing more than the logic applied to science. The methods that provide the logical bases for scientific knowledge are: inductive method, deductive method, hypothetical-deductive method, dialectical method, phenomenological method, etc.