Answer:

C) The United States backed new governments which were anti-communist.  

Explanation:

Like South and Central America and Asia, Africa was also colonized by Europeans, a common fact among those cited is that they were all colonies of exploitation.

One of the facts that most favored the process of decolonization of Africa was undoubtedly the Second World War that occurred in Europe between 1939 and 1945. How this armed conflict that happened in the European continent the same one suffered with the destruction and the economic decline.

The economic and political weakening of most European countries, especially those who owned colonies in Africa, gradually lost control over the territories of their administration. Combined with the question of war, groups and movements emerged fighting for political independence and allied to these groups, the United States supported new governments that were anti-communist.