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Passage 1 Nature’s Gifts Two friends, Rick and Dean, were exploring a forest. Both were passionate about wildlife and the different kinds of plants and trees found in forests. Rick was also good at photography, and he clicked away at anything that remotely interested him. Dean, on the other hand, was a writer, and his sense of adventure brought him to explore many dangerous locations. This was one such instance where the two friends had united to discover new passions and explore nature, but this time, it was more dangerous than before, for the forest they had chosen to visit was full of many wild animals. Rick and Dean walked through the dense growth and occasional marshy land, one fervently clicking photographs and the other one taking mental notes of everything that he could see. Nearby, they caught sight of a herd of deer drinking water from a clear lake. Mesmerized by the sight, Rick was only beginning to take pictures when Dean pointed out that the noise of the camera might scare the deer away. “Besides,” he said, “let’s enjoy this peaceful moment without spoiling it with technology.” Rick laughed and nodded, and put away his camera. Both he and Dean watched the beauty of nature from afar. Passage 2 Overcoming Fears Calvin was scared of monsters under his bed, so he called out to his father to check before going off to sleep for his son’s reassurance, Calvin’s father checked under his bed, his tables, and his dresser. He assured Calvin of safety and promised to remain with him until he fell asleep. At his son’s request, Calvin’s father chose a bedtime story that seemed appropriate, and he read it aloud to him. The story described a prince on a quest, facing the greatest odds. But despite all difficulties, the prince comes out triumphant. The prince kills monsters and dragons, protects his friends and family, and the story eventually ends on a happy note. As Calvin listened spellbound, he wished to be braver, and just like the prince in the story, perform heroic deeds for the welfare of his friends and family. Right before his father stepped out of the room, having just tucked Calvin in bed, Calvin spoke up, “Dad, from tomorrow on, I will check under the bed for monsters. I am brave enough now.” His father smiled at him, ruffled his hair and said, “Of course, son,” before he stepped out of the room. 7 How does the text structure in passage 2 contribute to its plot? A. The text structure shows why Calvin wants his father to accompany him at night. B. The text structure describes what happens when children fear imaginary things. C. The text structure shows the reasons for Calvin’s fear of monsters. D. The text structure shows the result of Calvin’s father reading him an inspiring story.

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Passage 1 Nature’s Gifts Two friends, Rick and Dean, were exploring a forest. Both were passionate about wildlife and the different kinds of plants and trees found in forests. Rick was also good at photography, and he clicked away at anything that remotely interested him. Dean, on the other hand, was a writer, and his sense of adventure brought him to explore many dangerous locations. This was one such instance where the two friends had united to discover new passions and explore nature, but this time, it was more dangerous than before, for the forest they had chosen to visit was full of many wild animals. Rick and Dean walked through the dense growth and occasional marshy land, one fervently clicking photographs and the other one taking mental notes of everything that he could see. Nearby, they caught sight of a herd of deer drinking water from a clear lake. Mesmerized by the sight, Rick was only beginning to take pictures when Dean pointed out that the noise of the camera might scare the deer away. “Besides,” he said, “let’s enjoy this peaceful moment without spoiling it with technology.” Rick laughed and nodded, and put away his camera. Both he and Dean watched the beauty of nature from afar. Passage 2 Overcoming Fears Calvin was scared of monsters under his bed, so he called out to his father to check before going off to sleep for his son’s reassurance, Calvin’s father checked under his bed, his tables, and his dresser. He assured Calvin of safety and promised to remain with him until he fell asleep. At his son’s request, Calvin’s father chose a bedtime story that seemed appropriate, and he read it aloud to him. The story described a prince on a quest, facing the greatest odds. But despite all difficulties, the prince comes out triumphant. The prince kills monsters and dragons, protects his friends and family, and the story eventually ends on a happy note. As Calvin listened spellbound, he wished to be braver, and just like the prince in the story, perform heroic deeds for the welfare of his friends and family. Right before his father stepped out of the room, having just tucked Calvin in bed, Calvin spoke up, “Dad, from tomorrow on, I will check under the bed for monsters. I am brave enough now.” His father smiled at him, ruffled his hair and said, “Of course, son,” before he stepped out of the room. How does passage 1 structure its text compared to passage 2? A. Passage 1 has a compare/contrast text structure whereas passage 2 has a descriptive text structure. B. Passage 1 has a problem/solution text structure whereas passage 2 has a compare/contrast text structure. C. Passage 1 has a descriptive text structure whereas passage 2 has a cause/effect text structure. D. Passage 1 has a cause/effect text structure whereas passage 2 has a sequence text structure. Reset Next Question

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Read the following short story, and then answer the questions that follow. Lifeguard Rules! 1 Ira was sitting in the shade because it was over ninety degrees in the sun, which beat down with a fierce vengeance. He wished he was still playing around in the cool, blue water of the pool. He had been splashing in the shallow end until the shrill sound of the lifeguard’s whistle cut through the air like a siren. 2 “That’s it, Ira and Michael,” Francesca had said. “You guys don’t get a third warning. Go spend fifteen minutes out of the water. I’ll inform you when I’m ready to see you in the pool again.” 3 “Wow, your sister thinks she’s a prison guard instead of a lifeguard,” Michael said. “You’d think she’d go easy on her own brother and his best friend,” he added. 4 Ira was feeling conflicted. On the one hand, he felt like he should stick up for his sister. After all, Francesca had given him and Michael two warnings. The first time she had been friendly and brief. The second time she had called them over to the side of the pool and lectured them for a full minute. It was only when they resumed their splashing war and accidentally soaked Mr. Murphy, who was reading his newspaper in a beach chair, that Francesca had whistled them out of the pool. 5 Ira was thinking about what to say. He didn’t want to offend Michael, who was his best friend, and he himself argued with Francesca all the time, but in his heart he knew that she was doing her job and she had been correct to discipline Michael and him, especially after two warnings. 6 Before Ira spoke up, everyone’s attention shifted back to the swimming pool. Kendra, a girl in Ira’s class, and her little brother were laughing and shouting. They were having a splashing war much like the one that had gotten Ira and Michael ejected. 7 “Look,” Michael was quick to observe, “everyone is splashing each other, so why did Francesca have to pick on you?” 8 Before Michael finished the last syllable of his question, three—make that four—things happened at almost exactly the same time. First, Kendra sent a big spray of water at her brother. Second, as the water splashed over the pool deck, a young toddler who wasn’t paying attention stepped into the puddle, and her feet slipped out from under her. 9 Third and fourth, Francesca’s arm shot out like a lasso, encircling the young girl to keep her from falling. Then, with her other hand, Francesca lifted her whistle to her lips to signal Kendra, who was in for a stern lecture. 10 Ira no longer felt the need to say anything in Francesca’s defense. Michael suddenly got too interested in tying knots in the drawstring of his swimsuit to bother criticizing Francesca. The little girl’s mother came over to thank the lifeguard who never took her eyes off of the swimmers in the water. 1. Read the following sentences from “Lifeguard Rules!” “Wow, your sister thinks she’s a prison guard instead of a lifeguard,” Michael said. “You’d think she’d go easy on her own brother and his best friend,” he added. Which of the following words best describes Michael’s tone? (1 point) annoyed dejected furious surprised 2. How does the author mostly reveal the character of Ira? (1 point) through his words through his actions through his thoughts through other peoples’ views of him 3. Which of the following statements best identifies a lesson the reader can learn after reading “Lifeguard Rules?” (1 point) Good friends are always there to show support for each other. Although pools are fun, reckless behavior can be dangerous. It is important to think about what you say before you say it. Even though siblings may argue, they are always there to defend one another. 4. Read the following sentence from “Lifeguard Rules!” “He had been splashing in the shallow end until the shrill sound of the lifeguard’s whistle cut through the air like a siren.” In this sentence, the whistle most likely symbolizes (1 point) danger. embarrassment. power. temptation. 5. Read the following lines from the poem “Love After Love.” Give wine. Give bread. Give back your heart to itself, to the stranger who has loved you Which of the following words best describes the speaker’s tone? (1 point) authoritative calming encouraging pleading 6. Read the following sentences from “The Third Bank of the River.” “Father, you have been out there long enough. You are old . . . Come back, you don’t have to do it anymore . . . Come back and I’ll go instead. Right now, if you want. Any time. I’ll get into the boat. I’ll take your place.” Which of the following words best describes the speaker’s tone? (1 point) annoyed desperate determined pleading

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