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Passage 1 Nature’s Gifts Two friends, Rick and Dean, were exploring a forest. Both were passionate about wildlife and the different kinds of plants and trees found in forests. Rick was also good at photography, and he clicked away at anything that remotely interested him. Dean, on the other hand, was a writer, and his sense of adventure brought him to explore many dangerous locations. This was one such instance where the two friends had united to discover new passions and explore nature, but this time, it was more dangerous than before, for the forest they had chosen to visit was full of many wild animals. Rick and Dean walked through the dense growth and occasional marshy land, one fervently clicking photographs and the other one taking mental notes of everything that he could see. Nearby, they caught sight of a herd of deer drinking water from a clear lake. Mesmerized by the sight, Rick was only beginning to take pictures when Dean pointed out that the noise of the camera might scare the deer away. “Besides,” he said, “let’s enjoy this peaceful moment without spoiling it with technology.” Rick laughed and nodded, and put away his camera. Both he and Dean watched the beauty of nature from afar. Passage 2 Overcoming Fears Calvin was scared of monsters under his bed, so he called out to his father to check before going off to sleep for his son’s reassurance, Calvin’s father checked under his bed, his tables, and his dresser. He assured Calvin of safety and promised to remain with him until he fell asleep. At his son’s request, Calvin’s father chose a bedtime story that seemed appropriate, and he read it aloud to him. The story described a prince on a quest, facing the greatest odds. But despite all difficulties, the prince comes out triumphant. The prince kills monsters and dragons, protects his friends and family, and the story eventually ends on a happy note. As Calvin listened spellbound, he wished to be braver, and just like the prince in the story, perform heroic deeds for the welfare of his friends and family. Right before his father stepped out of the room, having just tucked Calvin in bed, Calvin spoke up, “Dad, from tomorrow on, I will check under the bed for monsters. I am brave enough now.” His father smiled at him, ruffled his hair and said, “Of course, son,” before he stepped out of the room. 7 How does the text structure in passage 2 contribute to its plot? A. The text structure shows why Calvin wants his father to accompany him at night. B. The text structure describes what happens when children fear imaginary things. C. The text structure shows the reasons for Calvin’s fear of monsters. D. The text structure shows the result of Calvin’s father reading him an inspiring story.

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1 A young man is walking down the street, quite casually, with an empty mind and no set purpose; he comes to a crossing, and for no reason that he could tell he takes the right hand turn instead of the left; and so it happens that he encounters a blue-eyed girl, who sets his heart to beating. He meets the girl, marries her–and she became your mother. But now, suppose the young man had taken the left hand turn instead of the right, and had never met the blue-eyed girl; where would you be now, and what would have become of those qualities of mind which you consider of importance to the world, and those grave affairs of business to which your time is devoted? 2 Something like that it was which befell Peter Gudge. Peter was walking down the street one afternoon, when a woman approached and held out to him a printed leaflet. “Read this, please,” she said. And Peter, who was hungry, and at odds with the world, answered gruffly: “I got no money.” He thought it was an advertising dodger, and he said: “I can’t buy nothin’.” 3 “It isn’t anything for sale,” answered the woman. “It’s a message.” 4 “Religion?” said Peter. “I just got kicked out of a church.” 5 “No, not a church,” said the woman. “It’s something different; put it in your pocket.” 6 “Read it some time when you’ve nothing else to do.” And so Peter, just to get rid of her, took the leaflet and thrust it into his pocket, and went on, and in a minute or two had forgotten all about it. 7 Peter was thinking that this was a heck of a life. Who could have foreseen that just because he had stolen one miserable fried doughnut, he would lose his easy job and his chance of rising in the world? Peter’s whole being was concentrated on the effort to rise in the world; to get success, which means money, which means ease and pleasure. 8 But who could have foreseen that Mrs. Smithers would have kept count of those fried doughnuts every time anybody passed thru her pantry? And it was only that one ridiculous circumstance which had brought Peter to his present misery. But for that he might have had his lunch of bread and dried herring and weak tea in the home of the shoe-maker’s wife, and might have still been busy with his job of stirring up dissension in the First Apostolic Church. 9 Always it had been like that, thru Peter’s twenty years of life. Time after time he would get his feeble clutch fixed upon the ladder of prosperity, and then something would happen–some wretched thing like the stealing of a fried doughnut–to pry him loose and tumble him down again into the pit of misery. 10 So Peter walked along, with his belt drawn tight, and his restless blue eyes wandering here and there, looking for a place to get a meal. There were jobs to be had, but they were hard jobs, and Peter wanted an easy one. There are people in this world who live by their muscles, and others who live by their wits; Peter belonged to the latter class; and had missed many a meal rather than descend in the social scale. 11 Peter looked into the faces of everyone he passed, searching for a possible opening. Some returned his glance, but never for more than a second, for they saw an insignificant looking man, undersized, undernourished, and with one shoulder higher than the other, a weak chin and mouth, crooked teeth, and a brown moustache too feeble to hold itself up at the corners. Peters’ straw hat had many straws missing, his second-hand brown suit was become third-hand, and his shoes were turning over at the sides. In a city where everybody was “hustling,” everybody, as they phrased it, “on the make,” why should anyone take a second glance at Peter Gudge? Why should anyone care about the restless soul hidden inside him, or dream that Peter was, in his own obscure way, a sort of genius? No one did care; no one did dream. 12 It was about two o’clock of an afternoon in July, and the sun beat down upon the streets of American City. There were crowds upon the streets, and Peter noticed that everywhere were flags and bunting. Once or twice he heard the strains of distant music, and wondered what was “up.” Peter had not been reading the newspapers; all his attention bad been taken up by the quarrels of the Smithers faction and the Lunk faction in the First Apostolic Church, otherwise known as the Holy Rollers, and great events that had been happening in the world outside were of no concern to him. Peter knew vaguely that on the other side of the world half a dozen mighty nations were locked together in a grip of death; the whole earth was shaken with their struggles, and Peter had felt a bit of the trembling now and then. But Peter did not know that his own country had anything to do with this European quarrel, and did not know that certain great interests thru out the country had set themselves to rouse the public to action.

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Passage 1 Nature’s Gifts Two friends, Rick and Dean, were exploring a forest. Both were passionate about wildlife and the different kinds of plants and trees found in forests. Rick was also good at photography, and he clicked away at anything that remotely interested him. Dean, on the other hand, was a writer, and his sense of adventure brought him to explore many dangerous locations. This was one such instance where the two friends had united to discover new passions and explore nature, but this time, it was more dangerous than before, for the forest they had chosen to visit was full of many wild animals. Rick and Dean walked through the dense growth and occasional marshy land, one fervently clicking photographs and the other one taking mental notes of everything that he could see. Nearby, they caught sight of a herd of deer drinking water from a clear lake. Mesmerized by the sight, Rick was only beginning to take pictures when Dean pointed out that the noise of the camera might scare the deer away. “Besides,” he said, “let’s enjoy this peaceful moment without spoiling it with technology.” Rick laughed and nodded, and put away his camera. Both he and Dean watched the beauty of nature from afar. Passage 2 Overcoming Fears Calvin was scared of monsters under his bed, so he called out to his father to check before going off to sleep for his son’s reassurance, Calvin’s father checked under his bed, his tables, and his dresser. He assured Calvin of safety and promised to remain with him until he fell asleep. At his son’s request, Calvin’s father chose a bedtime story that seemed appropriate, and he read it aloud to him. The story described a prince on a quest, facing the greatest odds. But despite all difficulties, the prince comes out triumphant. The prince kills monsters and dragons, protects his friends and family, and the story eventually ends on a happy note. As Calvin listened spellbound, he wished to be braver, and just like the prince in the story, perform heroic deeds for the welfare of his friends and family. Right before his father stepped out of the room, having just tucked Calvin in bed, Calvin spoke up, “Dad, from tomorrow on, I will check under the bed for monsters. I am brave enough now.” His father smiled at him, ruffled his hair and said, “Of course, son,” before he stepped out of the room. How does passage 1 structure its text compared to passage 2? A. Passage 1 has a compare/contrast text structure whereas passage 2 has a descriptive text structure. B. Passage 1 has a problem/solution text structure whereas passage 2 has a compare/contrast text structure. C. Passage 1 has a descriptive text structure whereas passage 2 has a cause/effect text structure. D. Passage 1 has a cause/effect text structure whereas passage 2 has a sequence text structure. Reset Next Question

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