Assume the market for spiral bound notebooks is in equilibrium. All students in public schools need notebooks of some type when they attend classes. For each of the following, explain the possible effects on demand and/or supply and equilibrium price and quantity of spiral bound notebooks using a correctly labeled supply and demand graph with equilibrium price and quantity labeled. Under your hand-drawn graph, list the determinant of supply and/or demand that causes each shift as well as the change in price and quantity. a) The price of natural gas, a resource used by manufacturers throughout the United States, doubles. b) The government provides a subsidy for notebook manufacturers. c) Your income increases and spiral bound notebooks are an inferior good.
Human capital refers to the knowledge, skill sets and motivation that people have, which provide economic value. Human capital realizes that not everyone has the same skill sets or knowledge and that quality of work can be improved by investing in people’s education.
Economic growth is an increase in an economy’s ability, compared to past periods, to produce goods and services. It can be measured by measuring the percentage in the real gross domestic product (GDP) of a country. For example, suppose a country increased its real GDP at an annual rate of 2.5%. This country is experiencing economic growth and has an increase in the value of all goods and services.