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What is the central idea of this excerpt from “The Destiny of Colored Americans” by Frederick Douglass? The white man’s happiness cannot be purchased by the black man’s misery. Virtue cannot prevail among the white people, by its destruction among the black people, who form a part of the whole community. It is evident that the white and black “must fall or flourish together.” In the light of this great truth, laws ought to be enacted, and institutions established–all distinctions, founded on complexion, ought to be repealed, repudiated, and for ever abolished–and every right, privilege, and immunity, now enjoyed by the white man, ought to be as freely granted to the man of color. Where “knowledge is power,” that nation is the most powerful which has the largest population of intelligent men; for a nation to cramp, and circumscribe the mental faculties of a class of its inhabitants, is as unwise as it is cruel, since it, in the same proportion, sacrifices its power and happiness. The American people, in the light of this reasoning, are at this moment, in obedience to their pride and folly (we say nothing of the wickedness of the act), wasting one-sixth part of the energies of the entire nation by transforming three millions of its men into beasts of burden. What a loss to industry, skill, invention (to say nothing of its foul and corrupting influence) is Slavery! How it ties the hand, cramps the mind, darkens the understanding, and paralyses the whole man! Nothing is more evident to a man who reasons at all, than that America is acting an irrational part in continuing the slave system at the South, and in oppressing its free colored citizens at the North. Regarding the nation as an individual, the act of enslaving and oppressing thus, is as wild and senseless as it would be for Nicholas to order the amputation of the right arm of every Russian soldier before engaging in war with France. America’s black population needs international assistance to progress. The United States should allow its black citizens to enlist and participate in the war effort. The United States needs to grant its black population freedom and equality. Blacks and whites cannot coexist peacefully in the United States.

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Which narrative element is used in this excerpt from Theodore Dreiser’s short story “Peter”? On Monday, the day he saw me, he was well. On Tuesday morning he had a slight cold but insisted on running out somewhere without his overcoat, against which his wife protested. Tuesday night he had a fever and took quinine and aspirin and a hot whiskey. Wednesday morning he was worse and a doctor was called, but it was not deemed serious. Wednesday night he was still worse and pneumonia had set in. Thursday he was lower still, and by noon a metal syphon of oxygen was sent for, to relieve the sense of suffocation setting in. Thursday night he was weak and sinking, but expected to come round—and still, so unexpected was the attack, so uncertain the probability of anything fatal, that no word was sent, even to me. Friday morning he was no worse and no better. “If he was no worse by night he might pull through.” At noon he was seized with a sudden sinking spell. Oxygen was applied by his wife and a nurse, and the doctor sent for. By one-thirty he was lower still, very low. “His face was blue, his lips ashen,” his wife told me. “We put the oxygen tube to his mouth and I said ‘Can you speak, Peter?’ I was so nervous and frightened. He moved his head a little to indicate ‘no.’ ‘Peter,’ I said, ‘you mustn’t let go! You must fight! Think of me! Think of the babies!’ I was a little crazy, I think, with fear. He looked at me very fixedly. He stiffened and gritted his teeth in a great effort. Then suddenly he collapsed and lay still. He was dead.” A.This excerpt shows the writer’s use of figurative language to hold the reader’s attention. B.This excerpt shows how the writer develops Peter’s character. C.This excerpt shows how the writer is trying to pace the story through flashbacks. D.This excerpt shows how the writer is trying to develop a specific conflict.

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1. What was Roosevelt warning against in these sentences? I hail as a benefactor every writer or speaker, every man who, on the platform, or in book, magazine, or newspaper, with merciless severity makes such attack, provided always that he in his turn remembers that the attack is of use only if it is absolutely truthful. . . Falsely accusing people of evil practices Writing too passionately on certain topics Telling the truth will lead to retaliation Forgetting that journalism is very powerful 2. Which of these lines from the passage has an admiring tone? “It was easy to see that if he had been clean and well dressed he would have been decidedly good-looking.” “Washing the face and hands is usually considered proper in commencing the day, but wingspan was above such refinement.” “His pants were torn in several places, and had apparently belonged in the first instance to a boy two sizes larger than himself.” “He had no particular dislike to dirt, and did not think it necessary to remove several dark streaks on his face and hands.” 3. The cast and crew frantically made final adjustments to the scene even as the audience filed into the auditorium. Two actors moved the scenery into position. ____________, the entire company ensured the backdrop was firmly in place. I thought we wouldn’t be ready in time! But at last the performance began. Which word or phrase best completes the passage above? Before Instead First Then

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I NEED HELP!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Which text in this excerpt from William Dean Howells’s “Editha” exposes the author’s opposition to conventional ideas of patriotism? “No, you didn’t expect him to get killed,” Mrs. Gearson repeated in a voice which was startlingly like George’s again. “You just expected him to kill someone else, some of those foreigners, that weren’t there because they had any say about it, but because they had to be there, poor wretches—conscripts, or whatever they call ’em. You thought it would be all right for my George, your George, to kill the sons of those miserable mothers and the husbands of those girls that you would never see the faces of.” The woman lifted her powerful voice in a psalm-like note. “I thank my God he didn’t live to do it! I thank my God they killed him first, and that he ain’t livin’ with their blood on his hands!” She dropped her eyes which she had raised with her voice, and glared at Editha. “What you got that black on for?” She lifted herself by her powerful arms so high that her helpless body seemed to hang limp its full length. “Take it off, take it off, before I tear it from your back!” A. “No, you didn’t expect him to get killed B. “You just expected him to kill someone else, some of those foreigners, that weren’t there because they had any say about it, but because they had to be there, poor wretches—conscripts, or whatever they call ’em C. it would be all right for my George, your George, to kill the sons of those miserable mothers and the husbands of those girls that you would never see the faces of. D. “I thank my God he didn’t live to do it! I thank my God they killed him first, and that he ain’t livin’ with their blood on his hands! Can have more than one answer.

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